Automatic Monitoring of Indoor Farming Environment
Air temperature is important to agriculture because it influences plant growth through photosynthesis and respiration, affects soil temperature, and controls available water in the soil. Farmers use soil temperatures and soil moisture to decide when to plant, what varieties of crops to choose, and to determine the likely development of key plant characteristics such as flowering, as well as emergence of insects, pests and plant diseases.
Humidity Cannot Be Ignored Either
Humidity affects the amount of water in plant cells. When humidity is low, moisture evaporates from plants very quickly. When this happens, plants can wilt rapidly if too much water is pulled out of plant cells through transpiration. Conversely, when humidity and temperature are too high, plants can get overheated because transpiration is reduced, thus restricting evaporative cooling.
Humidity also influences plant diseases, especially fungi and molds that grow and spread rapidly when humidity is high.
Soil Temperature and Its Importance
The soil layer of the earth is critical in maintaining plant life, offering mechanical support, and supplying water and nutrients. Soil functions as a major storage mechanism of heat, collecting energy throughout the day and releasing heat to the surface during the night. Over the course of a year, soil retains energy during warmer seasons and releases heat to the air throughout colder seasons.
Soil temperature is important for plant growth for many reasons:
- Soil temperature directly affects plant growth. Nearly every crop slows down its growth when soil temperatures get too low.
- Germination of various seeds requires different soil temperature ranges.
- Most organisms within soil thrive at temperatures between 65⁰ F – 75⁰ F
- Optimal temperature for Nitrification requires a soil temperature between 60⁰ F – 100⁰ F
Until now, there hasn’t been an efficient way for farmers and growers to actively monitor the environment and soil conditions around their plants, and to take immediate corrective action if conditions become detrimental. But now TeleSense offers a solution.
TeleSense Offers a Complete Solution for Monitoring the Environment During Plant Cultivation
TeleSense’s solution uses the latest IoT technology to constantly track the temperature and humidity in the air around the plants and soil. Small wireless TeleSensors send temperature and humidity data to the secure, cloud-based software platform every few minutes for continuous monitoring and processing. Any time the parameters exceed the set user-defined range, real-time alerts are instantly generated via text and email, alerting the personnel to take immediate corrective action. The installation process typically takes less than an hour, and requires no special tools or expertise. There is no wiring required.
Growing plants in a greenhouse can be a gardener’s dream come true. However, you need to know how to maintain optimum conditions in your greenhouse if you want your plants to thrive.
The ideal temperature inside the greenhouse is about 80° to 85° F, so the first and most important lesson is learning how to keep the internal temperature steady. Greenhouses mainly harness the sun’s rays to heat the interior air, although some may also have supplemental heat sources powered by gas or electric heaters. Just like a car, the building’s interior can quickly heat up to over 100° F on a warm, sunny day, so you need to regulate the temperature or you risk stressing and perhaps even killing your plants.
Therefore it is very important to constantly monitor the temperature and humidity inside the greenhouse and get instant notifications if the temperature ever goes out of acceptable range. TeleSense sensors do just that.